Mountain areas cover almost 28% of Moroccan territory. The forest, with 3.6 million hectares, occupies an important place there on the environmental, socio-economic and cultural level and contributes to more than 70% of the national forest production while offering the main employment opportunities for the rural populations.
Forming the water tower of Morocco, the mountains structure the territory of the country. Thanks to their resources, they constitute the heart of the agricultural sector and other industrial activities. These mountains play essential roles in the life of rural populations and in the economy of the country because they embrace great agricultural, forestry, pastoral and mining potential. These mountain areas are endowed with a great cultural richness influenced by the Amazigh heritage with socio-institutional organizations and ingenious methods of resource and common affairs management.